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LEARN ABOUT CBD FROM OUR WORLD CLASS EXPERTS

 

WHAT IS IT?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-intoxicating compound extracted from the hemp plant and is known to alleviate anxiety, pain, inflammation, and many other medical ailments.

One study found that a single dose of 600 milligrams (mg) of CBD decreased anxiety in people about to give a public speech. In addition, people who took 25 mg daily of CBD for a month reduced their anxiety and had better quality of sleep, and the effect lasted for several months, according to a study published online Jan. 7, 2019, by The Permanente Journal.

Cannabidiol is also commonly used to treat seizure disorder (epilepsy), muscle disorders & inflammation, Parkinson disease, Crohn disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Psoriasis, Nausea, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, depression and more. Additionally, CBD has relaxing properties, making it ideal for counteracting anxiety associated with THC – or for anytime use! It is a perfect starting point for new users.

Hemp originates from the Cannabis Sativa L family of plants. Hemp-derived CBD differs from Marijuana-derived CBD due to the interaction of other active molecules – specifically THC. Hemp-derived CBD must contain less than 0.3% THC in order to be classified as federally legal. Due to this extremely low amount of THC, our Hemp-derived CBD will calm, ease pain and more – without inducing any unwanted psychotropic effects.

Please reach out to us via chat, phone, or email if you have any questions about your specific needs!

HOW DOES IT WORK?

The Endocannabinoid System (The EC System)  is a unique communications system in the brain and body that affects many important functions including how a person feels, moves and reacts. Named after the cannabis sativa plant and its active ingredients, the natural chemicals produced by the body that interact within the EC system are called cannabinoids. Like CBD, they interact with receptors to regulate these important body functions.

When a person smokes or consumes CBD in any other manner, cannabinoids overwhelm the EC system, quickly attaching to cannabinoid receptors throughout the brain and body. Recent science has found that the endocannabinoid system does not just respond to the endocannabinoids produced in the body, but also respond to external cannabinoids like the phytocannabinoid cannabidiol, or CBD. Introducing CBD to the body can help it do more of what it was designed to do and reduce the symptoms of a wide range of illnesses including epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, chronic inflammation, depression, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, anxiety, and opioid withdrawal.

CBD acts upon CB1 and CBD2 receptors located throughout the body to produce a variety of potentially positive outcomes. CBD does not bind directly to either of these receptors but instead impacts them indirectly. These indirect actions include activating TRPV1 Receptors that work to control important functions like pain perception, body temperature, and inflammation. CBD can also increase the amount of anandamide in the body. Known as the “bliss molecule,” anandamide plays a role in the neural generation of pleasure and motivation. By stimulating the endocannabinoid system, CBD promotes homeostasis, reduces pain sensation and decreases inflammation.

 

CONSUMPTION METHODS & DOSAGE

Smoking – Because the effects are noticed or felt quickly, smoking is an ideal way to receive immediate relief and find the best dosage for you. Try 1-3 inhalations and wait 10-15 minutes to gauge your ideal dose. Increase dose as necessary. Holding smoke in does not increase the effects, and studies show that 95% of the CBD absorbed occurs within the first few seconds of inhaling.

Oil through Vaporization– While vaping is technically smoking, this new trend offers alternatives to smoking. Vaping offers smooth, clean hits, and reduces the carcinogen intake that comes with smoking. Vapes can be used for our various CBD products.

Edibles – One of the more obvious alternatives to smoking is eating CBD-infused food or drinking CBD-infused drinks. The diversity of CBD edibles expanding quickly and is already vast, so much so that you can infuse virtually anything. Start with a low dose and be patient. Due to the digestive process, edibles take longer to kick in (45-60 mins).

Tinctures – Tinctures are infused liquids that extract cannabis compounds using an alcohol soak. They are applied directly under the tongue. Unlike ingestible oils and infused foods, tincture oil goes into the bloodstream immediately, allowing for fast-acting effects and better dose control. A variety of flavors, potencies and cannabinoid profiles are often available in different tinctures, catering to your specific preferences or medical needs.

Capsules – Cannabis capsules are available with CBD. Much like tinctures, capsules are incredibly convenient for controlling dosage, with different strengths and wellness needs available.

Topicals – Topicals are CBD-infused lotions or balms that are applied directly to the skin for localized relief of pain, soreness, and inflammation. One unique property of CBD topicals is their ability to treat symptoms without psychoactive effects.

Proper Dosing

  • Dry Herb: 0.25-0.5g
  • Edibles: 20-25mg
  • Oil Extracts: Up to 1g, divided in multiple doses
  • Topicals: Dependent upon product
  • Transdermal Patch: 10-20mg per patch
  • Extracts (Dabbing, Vaping): 25mg per dab
  • Microdosing: 5-10mg

 

WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT STRAINS OF CBD?

Sativa: In general, Sativas are grown in warmer climates such as Mexico, Central America, and Southeast Asia. They like heat and thrive in this environment. They provide an energized, thoughtful, focused, and uplifted head-high. Sativas have a lighter, fruitier aroma than that of other strains. They are known for being more social and geared for physical activities. Sativas are ideal for daytime use.

Indica: Indica strains are native to the Hindu Kush range in the Himalayas, so they are more tolerant to cold weather. Indicas have high levels of THC, and due to their resistance to cold, they have a protective resin layer. The strain can induce a sleepy, relaxed environment as well as a body buzz. Indicas provide pain relief, reduce nausea, increase appetite, and fight depression. Indica strains are ideal for nighttime use.

Hybrids: Hybrids occur when expert breeders crossbreed the best sativa and indica strains. Hybrid effects will correspond to the dominant strain.

Strain Selection

Finding the best strain for you is more straightforward once you’ve developed a better understanding of Terpenes and Cannabinoids. All you have to do is decide the desired effect and go from there. If you want the perfect bedtime strain, for instance, then a high CBD content Indica with myrcene would be ideal. Or, if you want a buzzy energetic strain to keep you going throughout the day, then you go for a sativa strain. For those beginners and low tolerance consumers, we’ve compiled basic tips for finding that perfect first-time experience.

Start with sativa-dominant strains that will make you less tired and have less of an effect on the entire body. Settle yourself into a comfortable place and start with a low-dose, maybe even just a single small hit if it’s your first time. While higher-shelf CBD strains have at least 15% or more CBD, those lower content strains will still provide a pleasant experience. Keep in mind that all  of our flowers are lab tested in order to provide you with the most accurate figures.

 

Cannabinoids

The cannabis plant is comprised of hundreds of chemical compounds that create a unique harmony of effects, primarily induced by cannabinoids and terpenes. Cannabinoids, including but not limited to CBD, are the main drivers of cannabis’ therapeutic and recreational effects. Cannabis contains over 100 different types of these cannabinoids, Let’s start by familiarizing yourself with these most common- CBD or Cannbidiol.

Terpenes

Terpenes: or terpenoids, are aromatic metabolites found in the oils of all plants.

Pinene – This terpene is known for being anti-inflammatory, countering short term memory loss, and promoting alertness. It can also act as a bronchodilator, or a substance that causes the widening of bronchi. Pinenes are the first terpenes lost to evaporation. They are the lowest-boiling common cannabis terpene. It is best to keep these in glass, as plastic leaks and absorbs the terpenes. Pinene smells distinctly like pine trees.

Myrcene – It occurs in fragrant plants and herbs like mangoes, hops, bay laurel leaves, thyme, lemongrass, basil. Myrcene induces sedative effects. It is known for being anti-inflammatory, analgesic (pain relief) and antimutagenic. Myrcene can also act as an antibiotic.

Linalool – A common terpene that naturally occurs in cannabis, flowers, and spices such as lavender and coriander. It has a complex, yet delicate floral aroma. This type of terpene is known for its relaxing qualities. Linalool can lower stress levels, act as a sedative, provide pain relief, and mitigate symptoms of anxiety, depression, inflammation, and epilepsy.

Caryophyllene – An ingredient in many Essential oils, especially Close oil which is the essential oil of cannabis sativa rosemary and hops. It is spicy and peppery, like cloves black pepper and cinnamon. Medical benefits of Caryophyllene include acting as an anti-inflammatory, antidepressant, and analgesic. It can also mitigate alcohol cravings and symptoms of anxiety.

Bisabolol – A terpene with a fragrant chemical compound that is produced by chamomile flowers and other plants, such as the Candeia tree in Brazil. It is also produced by various cannabis strains. It has widely been used by the cosmetics industry, and is known for its anti-inflammatory, anti-irritant, antioxidant, anti-microbial, and analgesic properties.

 

CANNABIS CULTIVATION

Outdoor – Cannabis that is grown in Mother Nature’s natural elements: sunlight, soil and rain. Utilizing the sun, soil, and rain to grow also means that starting an outdoor garden is significantly less expensive than a-comparable indoor operation.

Greenhouse – Greenhouses offer the ability to control light exposure, use supplemental lighting if mother nature isn’t providing enough, and keep the climate stable like indoor operations. Greenhouse operations are generally less expensive than growing indoors as the need for artificial lighting is reduced. Like indoor operations, greenhouses help mitigate exposure to the elements, making yields more consistent than outdoor operations.

Indoor Cannabis Cultivation – Indoor-grown flower tends to look more aesthetically pristine, contains higher THC levels, and has fantastic aroma and flavor profiles. By removing the flower from the elements and placing them in a controlled environment, cultivators eliminate wear and tear on buds until they are handled and cured, while simultaneously giving the strain the exact time and conditions it requires for maximum output. Once a strain’s nuances are calculated, the amount of cycles an indoor cultivator can produce in a calendar year dwarfs the harvest of the outdoor yields. It is important to note that indoor –  with its many cycles and controlled environment – ensures that we are able to provide quality cannabis throughout the year.

Cannabis Extracts & Concentrates

Concentrates are rapidly growing in popularity for many reasons. They are much more potent than flower, providing a more economical way to consume cannabis and a faster way to achieve pain relief. Concentrates are more efficient than flower or edibles, allowing patients to remedy medical ailments efficiently with a quick, large dose of cannabinoids.

Concentrates are made from cannabinoid-rich glandular trichomes, which are found in varying amounts on cannabis flowers. Trichomes are the small hair-like structures found on cannabis flowers that contain terpenes. The flowers of a mature female plant contain the most trichomes. Concentrates are a great option for seasoned cannabis connoisseurs looking to increase the intensity of their effect, as well as flavor connoisseurs who are seeking to taste the most exquisite terpene profiles. Medical patients in need of relief also turn to concentrate for a direct, economical, and fast-acting solution for their ailments.

SOLVENT-BASED EXTRACTION

BHO – Butane hash oil (BHO) is a solvent-based extraction that utilizes butane as a solvent. BHO offers a variety of end products with high potency including budder, shatter, wax, and more.

PHO – Similar to BHO, cannabis extractions using propane are called propane hash oil (PHO). Although this method usually demands higher pressure, it also requires a lower boiling point, which means better terpene preservation and faster/more effective purging. PHO offers end products similar to BHO, such as wax, budder, shatter, live resin, and more.

C02 – C02 extractions use temperature and pressure to effectively extract elements of the flower or trim. Facilities with advanced technology and machinery can experiment with supercritical carbon dioxide methods, which keeps C02 at high pressures. In other words, extractors can finely control the rate at which cannabinoids and terpenes are extracted.

Alcohol – Typically Speaking, cannabinoids and terpenes from cannabis flower, trim or hash dissolve fairly easily in alcohol. This method of extraction is also considered one of the safer options, but requires exact temperature control for optimal results.

SOLVENT-BASED EXTRACTS

C02 Oil – C02 is often preferred to other extracted oils because it is incredibly efficient and yields purer product with limited processing. Because C02 is a naturally occurring substance and produced by the human body, it is widely considered as a natural solvent with less health concerns than butane, propane or other hydrocarbons. C02 oil is found most often in pre-filled oil cartridges for vaporizers as well as edibles

Rick Simpson Oil (or RSO) is a very popular and highly potent decarboxylated concentrate extract that is consumed orally. It utilizes pre light aliphatic naphtha to remove resin containing the cannabinoids, resulting in dark, viscous products that have an earthy flavor.

Wax – Wax is made by blasting plant material with a solvent using a closed-loop extraction system. The resulting slurry is heated at low temperatures and whipped vigorously to remove all residual solvent.

Shatter – Shatter is made by blasting plant material with a solvent using a closed-loop extraction system. The resulting slurry is collected onto parchment paper and placed n a vacuum oven for solvent purging. Shatter ranges in color from light to dark amber and is high with terpene content.

Live Resin – Live Resin is made the same way as wax, however, the strutting product is fresh frozen plant material. By using cryogenically preserved plant material, the finished product has robust, exceptional terpene and cannabinoid profiles that resemble the qualities of the live plant.

Distillate – Distillates are newer concentrate products and utilize highly scientific equipment to heat and vaporize CBD within the flower, bringing the vapor into a cooling system for consolidation and eventual collection into beakers. This process is repeated over and over in order to create pure cannabinoids without residual solvents or plant matter.

NON-SOLVENT BASED EXTRACTS

Kief is the simplest and most traditional type of concentrate available. The process used to extract it typically involves cannabis flower and specialized filtering screens or tumblers. By rubbing the flower against the screen, trichomes or agitated and isolated, effectively Producing product comprising of collected trichomes.

Dry Sift – Dry sift at its core is refined kief, which is often manually or mechanically extracted using several micron screens to keep the trichomes intact. Like bubble hash, there are several ways to grade the quality of dry sift. Full-melt Is the highest grade and will usually contain around 90% trichome resin heads.

Full-melt Bubble Hash– Full-melt Bubble Hash Is produced similarly to bubble hash but generally is more refined in nature and intended for dabbing or vaporization purposes. The starting material used for this process is fresh frozen flower or trim, which means it was cryogenically frozen directly after being cut down.

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